Managing Dental Patients Dismissal [Sample Patient Dismissal Letter]

Managing Dental Patients Dismissal [Sample Patient Dismissal Letter]

When Titan Web Agency works with dental practices, we almost always focus on acquiring new patients. We develop new dental marketing strategies, create PPC ads, and help our clients grow their practices and increase their profits.

While attracting new patients is essential, it can be equally as important to recognize when it’s necessary to cut ties with the dentist-patient relationship in your practice. It’s a process that can be emotionally fraught and tricky. So, with that in mind, we have created this guide to managing patient dismissals with grace – and at the end, we’ll provide you with a link to download a free sample patient dismissal letter template that you can customize for your practice.

Why Would a Dentist Dismiss a Patient?

Let’s begin by reviewing the reasons why a practice might dismiss a patient. In most cases, dismissal is not necessary. Dentists care about their patients and are often willing to bend over backward to retain them and ensure that they have the care they need to keep their smiles healthy.

There are circumstances when dismissal becomes necessary. A dentist has the right to dismiss any patient if there are differences that can’t be resolved or if the patient’s behavior is unacceptable.

Non-Payment of Fees

You may provide your patients with payment plans and give them time to pay for expensive treatments, particularly if those patients are not insured. However, if a patient reneges on your agreement and your collection efforts are in vain, you are under no obligation to retain them as a patient or continue to provide dental care.

Treatment Non-Adherence

A dentist-patient relationship is a two-way street. As a dentist, you agree to provide necessary dental care professionally and compassionately. In return, the patient agrees to adhere to your dental treatment recommendations. Consistent patient noncompliance to do so can be grounds for patient dismissal.

No-Show Appointments

Your time is valuable. Any patient can have a problem keeping an appointment due to circumstances beyond their control and that’s understandable. But a patient who consistently fails to show up for scheduled appointments is costing your practice time and money. One no-show may be excusable, but repeated no-shows make it necessary to dismiss the patient.

Physical or Verbal Abuse

This one might seem obvious, but any patient who physically or verbally abuses you or your staff should not be welcome in your practice. People are allowed to get emotional but someone who can’t control their behavior and puts you or your employees at risk cannot be allowed to return.


It’s a sad fact of life that discrimination and bigotry exist – but that doesn’t mean that you and your staff need to endure hatred or vitriol from your patients. If a patient has bigoted or racist beliefs and expresses them in your practice, you can and should dismiss them for the good of your practice, your employees, and your other patients.

Patient Lied on the Health History Form

Any time you accept a new patient, you require them to fill out a patient records health history form. The information on the form is necessary because it can impact the patient’s care, including which procedures you perform, which medications you prescribe, and more. If you discover that a patient lied to you, you may not be able to continue to care for them in good faith.


Patient Dismissal vs Patient Abandonment

Before we talk about how to discuss dismissal with a patient, we should explain the differences between patient dismissal and patient abandonment.

Patient dismissal is a formal process where you notify a patient in writing that you can no longer provide dental treatment. The patient is typically given adequate notice, so they can find a new dentist. It is standard for any dentist who dismisses a patient to be available for emergency care until the patient has a new dentist to help them.
By contrast, a patient abandonment issue occurs when a dentist refuses to complete an ongoing dental procedure. We should note here that the keyword is ‘procedure’ and not ‘treatment plan.’ A patient may be dismissed with an incomplete treatment plan provided they are not midway through a procedure. With abandonment, there is the potential for the dentist to be legally liable for consequences to the patient.

It's also worth noting that refusing to schedule a patient for additional appointments is not abandonment. If you have a patient who comes in for a routine cleaning and verbally abuses your dental office staff, you can simply accept payment, and never schedule them for another cleaning again. A formal dismissal procedure is not necessary and there would be no grounds for the patient to accuse you of abandonment charges.

We mention abandonment here because it is important to know the difference. It can be tricky if you have a patient who comes in for the first part of a root canal and is abusive. You would be at risk of legal consequences if you refused to complete the procedure.

Best Practices for Dismissing a Patient from Your Dental Practice

As is the case with any formal proceeding, there are best practices to follow if you feel the need to dismiss a patient from your practice. Here are the steps to follow.

Check State-Specific Requirements

First, you should be aware of any state-specific requirements for patient dismissal. Some states have rules in place that go beyond what we have stated above, and you will need to be sure to adhere to them to avoid being charged with patient abandonment.

Create a Patient Dismissal Policy for Your Practice

Every dental practice should have a patient dismissal policy that is documented and taught to every staff member. Dismissal is not something that should be undertaken haphazardly. You’ll need a written policy that lays out the process for warning patients if they are in danger of being dismissed, allows them to change, and then a procedure to notify a patient if they have been dismissed.

It’s important to view your patient dismissal policy as a living document. You may put a policy in place and find that certain elements of it aren’t working the way you want them to. If that occurs, rewrite the policy to accommodate the changes and make sure your employees know about them.

Document Every Interaction with a Difficult Patient

One of the most common causes of patient dismissal is when a patient is difficult or abusive. Any time a patient is argumentative or difficult, whether the difficulty comes from the patient’s attitude or from their refusal to pay, you should document it in writing and place the documentation in the patient’s file.

On a related note, make sure to tell your staff to notify you of any difficult interactions. You don’t want to be surprised to learn about something that happened months ago. If you have a regular staff meeting, you may want to schedule some time to discuss such events to ensure you’re aware of them.

Beware of High-Risk Dismissal Situations

Some patients are riskier to dismiss than others. These include:

  • Patients with acute or critical dental problems that require immediate treatment
  • Anybody receiving specialized care that they won’t be able to find elsewhere
  • People with HIV/AIDS
  • People who are part of a government-protected class

You should also be careful dismissing a good patient whose only issue is being financially delinquent. While we can certainly understand the frustration that comes with not being paid, it might make sense to involve a lawyer before you dismiss a patient on financial grounds.

Give the Patient Time to Change

In many cases, it makes sense to engage with the patient and give them time to change the behavior that has led to the consideration of dismissal. This applies to things like no-show appointments and treatment non-compliance, but it does not and should not apply if a patient is verbally, physically, or sexually abusive to you or a member of your staff.

Any opportunity to change should come with a deadline. You don’t want to leave it open-ended because it may lead to unnecessary anger if you do need to dismiss a patient. Give them a set period to comply with your requests, and if they don’t, dismiss them.

Inform All Office Staff of the Dismissal

If you decide to terminate a patient, make sure to notify everybody in the office of your decision. The last thing you want is for an unaware employee to answer the phone and book an appointment with someone you’ve dismissed.

Every member of your staff needs to be on the same page and aware of the situation. Here again, you may want to bring it up at a staff meeting. Another alternative would be to post a reminder behind the reception desk where your staff can see it.

Send a Dismissal Letter and Offer Copies of the Patient’s Records

Finally, you should make sure to send a formal dismissal letter to the patient. It is crucial to send a printed letter through the mail. Never dismiss a patient using a text message or email, as doing so could result in a HIPAA violation and a hefty fine for your practice.

You should also offer copies of the patient’s records either to them or to a new dentist when they find one. You may also want to offer to talk to the new dentist about the patient’s care, sharing any information that will help the new dentist provide necessary treatment.

How to Write a Patient Dismissal Letter

We’ve already discussed the importance of mailing a formal patient dismissal letter to the patient’s home address once you decide to dismiss them. Here are some pointers to help you write an effective and professional patient dismissal letter.

  • Give a reason for the dismissal. You should explain clearly at the beginning of the letter that you are dismissing the patient from your practice and list the reasons why the dismissal is taking place. With some patients, you may not need to go into a lot of detail. But in some cases, it may be helpful to itemize the patient’s offenses and reiterate any warning you gave them that continuing their unacceptable behavior would result in termination.
  • Outline any necessary or urgent treatment needs. As we noted above, it is not proper to dismiss a patient with an unfinished procedure as that would be considered abandonment. However, an ongoing treatment plan may be left incomplete if the patient’s behavior necessitates dismissal. In your letter, you should be sure to outline any urgent treatment needs as a reminder to the patient to get them taken care of as soon as possible. You may also want to mention the ongoing need for cleanings as a way of maintaining good oral hygiene.
  • Specify the effective date of the dismissal. Your dismissal letter should give the patient some notice to allow them to find a new dentist to provide the care they need. The effective date of the dismissal should be clearly stated in the letter. For example, “I will be available to provide emergency care only for 30 days from the date of this letter.”
  • Make yourself available for emergency care. It may take a dismissed patient some time to find a new dentist in the area. For that reason, you should be prepared to offer continuity of care if it becomes necessary.
  • Offer patients resources to find a new dentist. Finally, it’s a good practice to include some resources for any patient you are dismissing to find a new dentist. For example, you could link them to a local or state dental society or a managed care referral service, or suggest they ask for referrals from their friends and family.

Your letter should be polite and professional. It is not appropriate to express anger even if the patient has treated you poorly. Outlining the reasons for dismissal and including any warnings you may have given will protect you in the event the patient tries to sue you.

Dismissing a Patient Doesn’t Need to Be Stressful

Most of your patients may be delightful but it may be necessary to dismiss a patient on occasion. When the need arises, the pointers and best practices we have provided here can help you do it professionally and courteously.


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